IPS vs TN vs VA: The Difference,In-depth Comparison Guide (2018)
When it comes to the main display technologies commonly used today, it’s always a hard-fought battle between IPS vs TN vs VA. The TN display panel system has the full form of twisted nematic. It is more commonly known as liquid crystal display. This crystal is placed between two plates of the polarized glass. IPS is also known as an in-plane technology for LCD. It was designed in order to eradicate the limitations of TN. The limitations of TN are the strong viewing angles along with the low – quality color reproduction. The VA stands for the vertical alignment. It is considered the middle of the two display panels. It uses electrical current to tilt the polarized glass.
IPS VS TV VS VA:Comparison Chart
IPS vs TN vs VA
The visual quality and the viewing angles are important. The in-plane switching and the type of panel are used by smartphones and common monitors. The color reproduction and the contrast ratios are the key points which differentiate the different types of display panels. There is a bit limitation when it comes to response times and the refresh rates. The values can begin from a minimum value of 4ms. An interesting point to note is that the IPS monitor doesn’t come by the cheap.
The Difference between IPS, TN, and VA
There are a large number of display technologies available in the market. IPS, TN and VA are the most prominent of them all. In this section, we shall be discussing the stark differences between the three video display technologies. Though they all seem appealing, they do differ in terms of a wide variety of factors. Some of them are discussed below:
IPS VS TN VS VA:Difference #1
The IPS display panel has refresh rates higher than 60 Hz. The potential of the panel amongst the displays is occupied with response times which is more than the 4ms.
TN VS IPS VS VA:Difference #2
The twisted nematics are the best performing type of panels. It has many advantageous characteristics such as high refresh rates and the lowest response times as well. It can achieve a rather impressive 1ms pixel response time, unlike most other display technologies. The TN is cheaper than the IPS system. The colors which are produced in the TN are of poor quality and look as if they have been washed out. The people who expect good picture quality often feel let down if the original pictures disappear. The poor picture quality is the upshot of the materials inbuilt in the display panel system.
The vertical assignment type of display panel carries characteristics which are common to both IPS and TN panels. The viewing angle and the reproduction of the color are somewhere comparable to the IPS panel. However, VA panels do surpass them in terms of contrast ratios. It’s is on the verge of getting disappear due to increasing monitor rate followed by the panel potential. It gives a response rate of 1ms and 144 Hz
Refresh rates. Despite the impressive characteristics, this technology has always been old school technology and is going to get extinct real soon, owing to the advancements in other technologies. This makes the obvious use of the material used in IPS system.
IPS VS TN VS VA: Complete Big PK
The best picture quality is offered by the in site system. The viewing angles which should be as wide as possible are also offered by the IPS system only. The refresh rates of the monitor should be higher than 60 Hz. This system also offers a frequency whose values can reach up to about 144 HZ which makes it very cheaper than IPS display panels. The response timings should be 4ms and are offered only by the IPS channel system.
One of the most important traits of IPS panels is that the switching of images during gameplay is really quick and this allows potential gamers to react well to a sudden shift in the situation. Despite this, IPS panels are not recommended for high-level competitive gaming.
What is: IPS vs TN vs VA
The pros and cons of the three display technologies have been discussed below:
- Best color quality
- Best visuals
- It has widest color gamut. It is known for perfect viewing angles as well.
- The response time goes only 4ms lower in the time rate.
- The refresh rates cannot go higher than 60Hz.
- The panel is fast. The response time for 1ms.
- It also has support for refresh rate up to 144Hz.
- Subpolar color reproduction. Is an attempt which is a drawback in TN.
- The condition of the viewing angle is very poor.
- The contrast rate is supported. The reproduction of the color of VA can be compared with that of IPS. For the expensive items, the performance is comparable to the TN.
- It tends to have high response times. It is on verge of getting disappeared.
Viewing angles: IPS vs TN vs VA
The problem involving poor viewing angles has become a pressing issue with larger displays. The color distortion can occur when the viewing angle is placed straight and the outside of the mirror.
Twisted nematic panels provide a quite good compromise between the CRTs and other LCD panels. The low response rates, input lag, and high refresh rates make them equivalent to CRTs. The panels of TN are advantageous as they offer sharper pictures and these displays are much smaller in size and lighter in weight and also offer higher video playback resolutions as compared to CRTs.
The best picture quality is offered by the in site system. The viewing angles which should be as wide as possible are also offered by the IPS system only. The refresh rates of the monitor should be higher than 60 Hz. The frequency rate offered is 144 HZ and this system is considerably cheaper than the IPS display panels. The response timings should be 4ms and are offered only by the IPS channel system.
The smoother action is also offered by this system which allows the players to quickly react to the situational change. However, IPS system is not optimum for competitive gaming.
Colors and response time: IPS vs TN vs VA
TN panels are most commonly referred to as the LCD panel type. The TN plays an important role in describing the color reproduction process which is of utmost importance when it comes to the work of display panel. The inherent objective is to deal with the work as soon as possible. It is signified that the color of the pixel changes the color and this is the entire principle behind color change. There are some people who hardly even notice that the several-millisecond difference.
The TN panels are not so interesting once they have been compared with the evergreen CRTs as the drawbacks of backlighting, blurring along with the fluctuation in refresh rates outweigh the advantages. A lot of issues related to this have been resolved or improved. But due to the underlying science of LCD, the issues which are related to TN panels cannot be fully resolved. Some of the most prominent issues which are yet to be resolved include heavy pricing, fluctuation color and refresh rates as well.
Contrast: IPS vs TN vs VA
Contrasts of video display technologies is an important factor involved when choosing the best display for your needs. If you are more of a designer person, TN display is better as it delivers a higher contrast as compared to IPS and VA technologies. TN display is considered the best for gaming use as well. Due to their higher response IPS and VA are unfit for gaming purposes. The color reproduction and the contrast ratios are the key points which differentiate the different types of display panels. There is a bit limitation when it comes to response times and the refresh rates. It can go a bit lower as well to 4ms.
Gaming: IPS vs TN vs VA
TN panels tend to exhibit low motion blur. The TN panel offers high refresh rates and low response times that is 1ms GTG. The TN panels which are meant for gaming more than tending to satisfy the needs of most competitive gamers. The IPS vs TN vs VA deals with a number of advantages and disadvantages. This challenge is over the period of time is more promising and more urgent. Over the years, all 3 of these display technologies have shown a lot of prominences when it comes to gaming. All three of them are unique in their own way and at the end of the day, it is the type of gamer you are which determines which display technology you must adapt to.
However, when it comes to LCD panels, certain issues have been raised by gamers which involve uneven backlighting and motion blur, input lag, and dead/stuck pixels. It causes the color distortion.
Though all the important differences between all the three displays technologies have been immensely described, it’s fair to say that the end choice lies in your hands. It depends on which application you use your display for and this finally, determines the best display technology for your visual requirements.
Which One Should You Choose?
In this section, we shall be doing a head to head battle between all the three display types and the ultimate victor shall be revealed at the very end.
IPS Vs TN
IPS was invented to deal with the shortcomings of TN panels. PS panels deal with problems of poor coloration and viewing angles. The IPS panels too have been majorly successful.
The people who want better coloration possibilities choose IPS panel system. The best picture quality is offered by the in site system. The viewing angles which should be as wide as possible are also offered by IPS system only. The refresh rates of the monitor should be higher than 60 Hz. The frequency on offer is close to about 144 HZ and this system cheaper than IPS display panels. The response timings should be 4ms and are offered only by the IPS channel system.
The switching between images is very smooth and this trait allows gamers to react to sudden changes in a situation very aptly. However, it is important to note that IPS system is not very dependable when it comes to gaming and especially in the case high competitive gaming.
TN Vs VA
CRTs have no input lag. TN panels are a good option for those who love gaming as the support system is higher in TN based display panels. TN panels have higher refresh rates and also have low response times along with a decent input lag as well. They have bad viewing angles and color decoding which form part of their traits. IPS panels are more preferable than the TN panels. Some of the more favorable characteristics of IPS are a better color reproduction and viewing angles. IPS panels can be a boon for the ones who don’t want to play with the competitive spirit but want a beautiful visual experience. PLS and AHVA have similarity with the IPS.
IPS Vs VA
The competition between IPS vs VA display technologies is fierce. The vertical alignment structural figure of the crystalline structure of VA enhances the picture quality. But the increased response time and lower refresh rates decrease its efficiency. It makes use of a tilt polarized glass. But the use of VA display technology has been stopped in modern and is now solely limited to televisions only. In contrast, IPS display technology is the more widely used of the two. CRT displays find important applications in the field of medicine and military as well. This is all down to their immense technical specifications which makes them very reliable for use.
The Recommendation: Comparison Tables & Top Picks
|TYPE OF PANEL||NAME OF TOP PICK||REFRESH RATE||RESPONSE TIME||KEY FEATURE||VIDEO RESOLUTION|
|IPS||Asus PG279Q||165 Hz||4ms||Very simplified, yet functional overall design||1440p|
|VA||AOC AG352QCX 35″||200 Hz||2ms||Very sleekly designed Curved VA gaming monitor||2560×1080|
|TN||Asus ROG Swift PG278QR||144 Hz||1 ms||Often considered as the best TN gaming monitor ever||2560 x 1440|
If you ask us which type of display technology which we feel is the best, we would certainly recommend the use of IPS display technology. This is because of the fact that it offers the best overall video playback quality coupled with the widest of viewing angles as well. However, TN panels are lagging in this regard. However, their strong point lies in offering a much better overall performance which is judged by lower response times and higher refresh rates.
VA panels are very much similar to IPS panels, however, they do touch upon the performance levels offered by TN panels as well. Regardless, in the battle between IPS vs TN vs VA display technologies, it’s always the end user who determines the best display suited to their needs.
Read Ultimate Guide:
There is no perfect display for any specific person. How you end up using your monitor determines which LCD display is best for you. Gamers will always end up favoring TN panels all thanks to their rather impressive response time. We do recommend entities such as designers and photographers to prefer IPS monitors over the other two. However, if you wish to have the best of everything, we suggest you choose a TN based display as it helps you save money.
This article has been written keeping only one thing in mind, to bridge the gap between all the three display technologies. When it comes to IPS vs TN vs VA, there is no clear-cut winner of the three. The best display technology is determined by the type of end user you are and also on the type of application you use it for. Regardless, it’s safe to say that display technology is certainly improving as the years pass by and in order to enjoy a seamless visual experience, we must equip ourselves with the best of display technologies.